Water tourism is one of the types of sports tourism, which lies on overcoming the route on the water surface. There are several types of water tourism: boating, rafting, sailing tourism.
Water tourism is trips on the rivers, lakes, seas and reservoirs on inflatable boats (rafts), demountable canoes, catamarans, rafts and so on. It combines elements of cognition, leisure, recreation and sports, and is available to all healthy people. Rafting develops in Almaty oblast.
Rafting is a floating of a group of people on the river on a special inflatable boat, called "raft". The word "rafting" is derived from the English word "raft", which means "float". Essentially raft is a special inflatable structure with an elastic body made of modern synthetic materials, with a capacity of 4 to 20 people. The most common are boats with a capacity of 6-8 people. The main distinguishing feature of the raft is its high resistance to water and versatility. The most popular rafting on the so-called "white water" is floating in a turbulent, rushing stream of the mountain river with the passage of a variety of its sills, sinks, water barrels and other obstacles. Certainly, rafting on mountain rivers is extreme exercise, assuming a certain amount of risk to life and health of participants.
In parallel with the rafting floating is made on other swimming facilities:
on canoes – small boats mostly double placed. They are used for floating both on the plain and the mountain rivers;
on catamarans – the boats of increased stability, consisting of two blocks. They are often used for rafting of medium difficulty;
on kayaks – downhill on a mountain river on a modern version of Eskimo boats. This sport for singles is deprived of team spirit, but it gives you the opportunity to challenge the elements and stay with it one on one. This type of floating just arises in Almaty oblast. Sailboats types of vessels are used on the lowland waters.