GPS coordinates: 43.067132, 77.080078
The cirque of the Tuyuksu glacier is an upper area of the basin of the Malaya Almatinka river flowing down the northern slope of Ile Alatau mountain range and is located between the Maloalmatinsky spur and the Kumbel spur.
The Maloalmatinsky spur extends from the nodal peak of Berezovsky in the main ridge of the Ile Alatau and stretches north, separating over 6 km the cirques of the glaciers of Gorodetsky-Dmitriev and Tourists-Gryazny. Behind the Tourists pass, the Maloalmatinsky spur while branching forms a vast cirque where the Tuyuksu group of glaciers that are the headwaters of the Malaya Almatinka river, is located.
Having branched off, two spurs are formed on the eastern and western sides of the cirque. Behind the Tuyuksu pass the Maloalmatinsky spur becomes a watershed of the Malaya Almatinka and Left Talgar rivers. At the point where the spur turns east there is Tuyuksu peak - the central summit of the cirque which separates the Central Tuyuksu glacier (# 107) and the Igly Tuyuksu glacier (# 109), which flows down the slopes of the summit of the identical name. Behind Igly Tuyuksu summit the spur stretches to Partisan peak, smoothly turning north.
North of Partisan peak there are such peaks as S.Ordzhonikidze, Mayakovsky, Otechestvennoy Voyne (Great Patriotic War), Antikainen, M. Mametova.
At the summit of the Panfilov Heroes the Maloalmatinsky spur branches off again to a short spur of Vostochny and a western spur of Azutau.
Uchitel peak, Pioneer peak and Amangeldy peak conventionally belong to the cirque of the Tuyuksu glacier, as they also belong to the cirque of the Bogdanovich glacier in the Sauryksay gorge, a tributary of the Left Talgar river.
From the first Maloalmatinsky spur branching off, in the area of the Tuyuksu pass the Kumbel spur goes west, restricting the cirque of the Tuyuksu glacier on the west. Above the Central Tuyuksu glacier towers Pogrebetsky peak, behind this peak the Kumbel spur turns north. Three peaks such as Locomotiv, Z. Kosmodemyanskaya and Molodyozny belong to this part of the spur, which restricts the cirque of the Tuyuksu glacier.
In addition to the peaks there are categorized mountain passes in the cirque of the Tuyuksu glacier which are included in the sports classification. These are the passes of Pioneer, Uchitel, M. Mametova, Antikainen, Otechestvennoy Voyne (Great Patriotic War), Mayakovsky, Ordzhonikidze, Partisan, Igly Tuyuksu, Tuyuksu Saddle, Tuyuksu, Pogrebetsky, Locomotiv, Kosmodemyanskaya and Molodyozny.
Above the Mynzhilki stow on the moraines, a glaciological research station "T-1" is located. The station was established in 1956 as part of the International Geophysical Year (1957-1958.) and operates nowadays. You can get to the station along a dirt road on foot or by car of increased passing ability. Long-term observations of the Tuyuksu glacier are carried out at the station. At present, according to the results of glaciological studies, it is considered to be the most investigated glacier in the world.
The cirque of the Tuyuksu glacier is represented by two glaciers of the valley type and eight glaciers of mountain slopes, of which four are hanging, two - cirque-hanging, and one by one – cirque and train glaciers.
The Central Tuyuksu glacier itself (# 107) is symmetrically located in the center of the cirque, closing the valley, and stretches from south to north. This glacier is a classic valley glacier that has a clearly defined area of supply and an extended snout across the length. The Central Tuyuksu glacier is located on the slope of Pogrebetsky peak and flows down into the valley. The slopes at the top have 35-40ᴼ of incline and are broken into numerous cracks.
Below the barrier on the east the Tuyuk Igly glacier (#108) comes to the Tuyuksu glacier snout. This glacier belongs to the type of valley ones and goes northwest down the slopes of the ridge of the identical name and from Tuyuksu summit.
To the west of the Tuyuksu glacier, on the eastern slope of the Kumbel spur, there are two glaciers - Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya (# 106), and (# 105).
The Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya glacier is a cirque glacier, which begins from the summit of the same name and merges with the Tuyuksu glacier.
The Molodyozhny glacier belongs to the type of train ones and occupies a short, open to the north-east gorge, which lies just to the west of the Tuyuksu glacier. The spur restricts the glacier from the south, is crowned with Molodyozhny peak capped Youth, slopes of which are covered with snow and firn masses.
The other four glaciers such as Partisan (# 109), Ordzhonikidze (# 110), Mayakovsky (# 111) and Mametova (# 112) - lie on the western slope of the Maloalmatinsky spur. All of them are oriented to the north.
The Mayakovsky glacier lies to the north of the Odzhonikidze glacier and belongs to the type of hanging ones. It flows down the western ridge of Mayakovsky peak.
The Manshuk Mametova glacier is the most northern glacier of the Tuyuksu cirque. This cirque-hanging glacier lies on the western slope of Manshuk Mametova peak. Due to the large slope steep (up to 50ᴼ) the Manshuk Mametova glacier is covered with weak snow, the ice is formed below the ridge and rocky ridges attaching to it. The glacier has a right and left lateral moraines, which considerably exceed the end part of the open snout across the width.
At the station "T-1" you can view the whole panorama of peaks of the Tuyuksu cirque, and the station itself is the starting point of many routes for climbers and tourists.