27 Inscriptions with Buddhist prayerful texts in Tibetan language were found and studied in the Taigak Gorge. Majority of them cover steep slopes of the main gorge canyon of the left bank of the stream. Inscriptions are picked up as on large plane surfaces, so as on shallow niches. As a rule, all inscriptions are placed in the lower part of the rocks and slabs and are accessible to visit.
Most part of these inscriptions contains the same universal protective and magic formula – ‘Om mani padme hum’. According to N.N.Pantusov translation it means as ‘Oh, the Lotus treasure! Amen’. As we presume the most faithful meaning of words translated by J.N.Roerich was ‘God bless the lotus flower’.
There is no common opinion concerning the dating of inscriptions. A.S.Amanjolov attributed them to the middle of the VIIIth century. Other scholars related them to the period of Kazakh-Jonghar wars of the XVII-XVIII cc. It seems, the whole complex regards to the X-XII cc. as a result of Tibetian influence.
Very interesting clusters of rock paintings were discovered in the upper parts of the gorge. Taigak petroglyphs differ by location and period of making. The middle part of the Taigak Gorge represents a deep canyon with a stream, overgrown with trees and bushes. The height of the canyon slopes reaches 100 meters. Supposedly, in ancient times the gorge was rather seldom used as pasture which is proved by a small number of rock paintings attributed to the Early Iron Age. Majority of petroglyphs, dated by the Middle Age period, are difficult to find. Some of them are picked on slabs in the deepened part of the gorge 4 kilometers up the canyon; another are clustered on both banks of the stream every 3-5 kilometers.
Of great interest is a group of petroglyphs with the scene of dancing figures, located upper in the gorge, 7 km from the station, on the right bank of the stream. The figures are depicted in two rows with joined hands. Figures in short caftans with enormously large bows are placed in the right part of the slab. These images were interpreted by prominent scholar A.Margulan as musicians playing plucked instruments. There are also equestrians and a number of uncertain images scattered between dancing figures. The scene is attributed to the Middle Age period which is proved by thoroughly detailed clothing. According to P.Marikovsky, the first to discover Taigak petroglyphs, the scene presentes festive action.
One more image is depicted on the same rock - it is a figure of a deer with a rider - rather unusual plot for the Jetysu region (photo 19). Supposedly, the scene reflected mythology, spread in northern parts of the Central Asia and brought to Jetysu by Turkic tribes.
Among Taigak Middle Age petroglyphs carefully treated images of a deer couple are found. They differ from the same of the Sakae rock paintings by stylistic features.
Another group of rock carvings is located in the remote places on the left bank of the stream. They are presented by a pair of equestrians with standards (photo 18) and regards to the early Turkic period.
On the banks of the dried up stream, adjoined the Taigak Gorge, on the height of 20-25 meters a group carvings with deer, goats an argali images was discovered. Expressive fighting scene between two armed equestrians, depicted with straight legs and back - a characteristic feature of a warrior in heavy armor, with standards - is depicted in the upper part of composition, below the figure of a large-seized camel. To the left of them are figures of a camel, a deer and unmounted person. There are also three rows of goats and argali (photo 17). The scene is attributed to the Middle Age period.
Despite these main groups rock paintings are scattered all over the gorge, sometimes in most unexpected places; they may be found 300 -500 meters high on the rocky slopes.
Petroglyphs of the Taigak Gorge differ from the others by themes and location. They don't constitute a cultus center. Supposedly, the gorge was used as a sacral center in the Middle Age period and later epoch, determined by nature peculiarities such as deepness of canyon, presence of streams and copses arranged by Turkic tribes as sacred places.