A number of ancient settlements were discovered in the Serectas Gorge. One of the most interesting dwellings, attributed to the mid II millennium B.C. was surveyed by archaeologists under the leadership of A.Maryashev.
The dwelling presents a half dug-out, deepened up to one meter, square in the plan. Western, southern and eastern walls were made of wood; northern - of stone. A long, narrow corridor -dromos - allow to come down from the earth surface to the deepened floor level. A large number of middle-seize rooms and premises attached dromos from both sides. Close by the northern wall there was uncovered a large room, intended for cult purposes. The high stone altar was placed in the western part of the room.
Construction of the northern wall is rather unusual. A wooden beam was put in the basement. Large stone slabs were installed over it; the wall was erected of middle-seize stones. Construction of such type ensures seismic stability which provides by mobility of the lower part of the wall, made of stone slabs, while the upper part of the wall was fixed. That is why the stonework has been preserved till nowadays. Total height of the wall is about two meters. Such unique structure stay intact during three millennium despite all natural cataclysm and proves complicated building techniques used by steppe tribes of the Bronze Age period.
Of special interest is a four-pitched roof. According to the large seize of the dwelling the cupola must be supported with poles on which beams were installed. Supposedly, the central part of the roof, covered with reed mats, was opened for a flue. Earthen heaths for heating and cooking were placed in majority of rooms. Short partitions between rooms promote lighting and ventilating.
Probably, this dwelling housed a whole settlement or a large family. Contours of three dwellings are traced in the site.