The settlement of different epochs situated in the upper reaches of Kyzylbulak Gorge on southern oriented slope.
Archaeological site is hidden under the soil leveled and flattered in the Bronze Age squares. It is presented by large dwellings of the Bronze Age 6 to 8 or 6 to 6 meters in seize. These are half dug-outs with wooden walls and roof, deepened to the plane surface, with stone entrance. It was a large Bronze Age settlement spread out to the stream. Farther were built enclosures for livestock. All these constructions were made of wood with cane mats covered the roof. It is rather typical dwelling structure.
It was rather big settlement. At least 18 depressions left by these dwellings were traced all over the site, occupied the slope.
Here we may see all three sites. They are placed in terraces. Just behind the stream close by the forest are fixed small seized constructions and enclosure. And, supposedly, the tribesmen drove the cattle to the forest with aim to protect them from wind and cold weather. As the site was not excavated it is hard to define the purpose of all constructions. A small mound was dug out by Alexander Goryachev.
Now we shall look at the section of prospecting pit in Kyzykbulak settlement. The calcine is clearly observed in the Bronze Age cultural layer. The place I am standing on marks the level of the Sakae settlement. These are traces of a very specific structure – of so-called ‘turluchny’ type, or proto-jurta. It is represented by a circle of 6 meters in diameter with poles 1,5 -1,7 meters high, dug out to the earth, and rods interlaced overhead. Such construction resembles a wicker fence covered with cane mats or felt (in the latest periods).
Peculiarity of investigated dwelling is a hearth. It was made of clay and large earthen cauldron was placed inside the hearth to protect it from crumbling. Hearths of this type were never met before. Construction of the hearth looks very efficient.
This dwelling of the Saka period covers the Bronze Age construction. Such regularity has been observed in all depressions. Most likely they were occupied in two epochs: ancient layer in the Bronze Age, above it was a layer of the Sakae period. This area is very convenient for farming and cattle-breeding development, and it possesses an important strategic position over gorges and, in fact, over whole area.